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越南国家概况

The Socialist Republic of Viet Nam

发表时间:2014-02-23    来源:不详    浏览次数:3951
 
    国名 越南社会主义共和国
    面积 329556平方公里。
    人口 8878万(2012年),有54个民族,京族占总人口86%,岱依族、傣族、芒族、华人、侬族人口均超过50万。主要语言为越南语(官方语言、通用语言、主要民族语言)。主要宗教:佛教、天主教、和好教与高台教。
    首都 河内(Ha Noi),面积3340平方公里,人口692万人(2012年)。夏季平均气温28.9℃,冬季平均气温18.9℃。
    简况 位于中南半岛东部,北与中国接壤,西与老挝、柬埔寨交界,海岸线长3260多公里。地处北回归线以南,属热带季风气候,高温多雨。年平均气温24℃左右。年平均降雨量为1500~2000毫米。北方分春、夏、秋、冬四季。南方雨旱两季分明,大部分地区5~10月为雨季,11月至次年4月为旱季。
    越南矿产资源丰富,种类多样。主要有煤、铁、钛、锰、铬、铝、锡、磷等,其中煤、铁、铝储量较大。有6845种海洋生物,其中鱼类2000种,蟹300种,贝类300种,虾类75种。森林面积约1000万公顷。
    历史文化 根据越南的神话传说,越南历史可从现代上溯至4000年前。越南是东南亚国家中,历史上受汉文化影响最深,而且唯一一个接受儒家思想的国家。越南主要有6大宗教:佛教、天主教、基督新教、高台教、和好教、伊斯兰教。
    旅游景点 下龙湾位于越南东北部,被广宁省下龙市和海防市吉海县所夹,是靠近中国边境的一片面积为1,500平方千米的水域,海岸线长 120千米,属于北部湾的一部份。下龙湾向东锦普市社(锦普镇)和云屯县(云敦县)附近有拜子龙湾建有拜子龙国家公园。
    圣母大教堂又称红教堂,位于越南第一大城市胡志明市。大教堂总共花费6年的时间建造,由当年殖民者法国人留下。教堂由两座40米高的钟楼组成,从远处望去仿佛是巴黎圣母院钟楼的造型,设计理念也是模仿了这个特色。在教堂前的广场内矗立着一座4吨的圣母玛利亚雕像,是罗马教会所相赠的。教堂的建筑风格是典型的哥特式建筑,与周围的环境相应,烘托出了一份浓重的法国建筑的味道。
 
Country Name: The Socialist Republic of Viet Nam
 
Area: 329556 square kilometers
 
Population: 88,780,000 (2012), there are 54 ethnic groups, 86% of the total population Jing nationality, according to Dai ethnic Dai, Mans race, Chinese, Nung population of more than 500,000. The main language is Vietnamese (official language, the language, the main national languages​​). Major religions: Buddhism, Catholicism, and good teaching and high-taught.
Capital: (Ha Noi), ​​3340 square kilometers, population 6.92 million (2012). The average summer temperature is 28.9 ℃, the average winter temperature 18.9 ℃.
 
Profiles: Located in the eastern Indo-china, The North side borders on China and faces the Laos, Cambodia on the west. More than 3260 km long coastline. Located south of the Tropic of Cancer, a tropical monsoon climate, hot and rainy. The annual average temperature is about 24 ℃. The annual average rainfall is 1500 to 2000 mm. Northern spring, summer, autumn and winter seasons. Southern drought and summer rain seasons, most regions from May to October is the rainy season, November to April is the dry season.
 
Resources: Vietnam is rich in mineral resources, species diversity. Mainly coal, iron, titanium, manganese, chromium, aluminum, tin, phosphorus and the like, wherein the coal, iron, aluminum, large reserves. There are 6,845 kinds of marine life, including fish, 2,000 species of crab, 300 species, 300 kinds of shellfish, shrimp 75 kinds. About 10 million hectares of forest area.
 
History and culture: Based on myths and legends of Vietnam, Vietnam, from modern history can be traced back to 4000 years ago. Vietnam is a country in Southeast Asia, the most affected by Chinese culture history, and the only country Confucianism accepted. Vietnam has six main religions: Buddhism, Catholicism, Protestantism, Cao Dai, Hoa Hao, Islam.
 
Tourist attractions: Halong Bay is located in northeastern Vietnam, is sandwiched save Long City, Quang Ninh and Hai Phong City Jihai County, near the Chinese border, a area of ​​1,500 square kilometers of waters, coastline of 120 kilometers, are part of the northern Gulf. Halong Bay to the east Cam Pha City Club (Cam Pha town) and nearby clouds Tuen County (cloud Dun County) has built a worship worship sub longwan sub dragon National Park.
 
Notre Dame Cathedral, also known as Red Church, located in Ho Chi Minh City in Vietnam's largest city. Cathedral takes time to build a total of six years, leaving the French colonists from the current year. Church by the two 40-meter bell tower composed from a distance looked like a bell tower of Notre Dame modeling, design also mimics this feature. In the plaza in front of the church stands a statue of the Virgin Mary 4 tons, is a gift of the Roman church. The architectural style of the church is typical of Gothic architecture, with its surrounding environment accordingly, express a taste of a strong French architecture.
 
 
 
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